If you look up “craniofacial” in the dictionary, it means, “relating to the cranium and the face.” In other words, craniofacial pain refers to any pain you experience in your head or face. Since craniofacial pain can include any part of your head, it is important to identify where the pain is projecting from. When a person experiences craniofacial pain, it can range from your jaw muscles, known as the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) to neck pain or headaches.
Craniofacial pain can cause TMJ discomfort, muscles spasms in the head, pain in the neck and jaw, headaches or even pain in your teeth. Some of the common culprits of craniofacial pain is an unstable bite, missing teeth or poorly aligned teeth. These instances can lead to pain and discomfort because your muscles are working harder to bring your teeth together. But the missing tooth or misaligned bite adds to the pressure, causing further pain.